NANO Alumni Sudheesh Valliyodan and Arvind Singh and colleagues published the following article in the Marine Pollution Bulletin:

Nutrient stoichiometry (N:P) controls nitrogen fixation and distribution of diazotrophs in a tropical eutrophic estuary

Jabir et al. (2020) Marine Pollution Bulletin, DOI 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2019.110799

Abstract

Nitrogen fixation and its ecological regulation are poorly understood in the tropical estuaries, which are highly influenced by anthropogenic disturbances. In this study, we investigated the role of nutrient stoichiometry in the diversity, abundance and activity of N2-fixing bacterial community and their seasonal variations in the water column of a tropical eutrophic estuary (Cochin estuary). The N2 fixation rates in the estuary ranged from 0.1 to 2.0 nmol N2 l−1 h−1, with higher activity during post-monsoon and lower during monsoon. The rates are appeared to be primarily controlled by dissolved inorganic nitrogen and phosphorous (N:P) ratio. Clone library analysis of nitrogenase (nifH) gene revealed that the major N2 fixing phylotypes belong to Cluster I and Cluster III diazotrophs. The overall findings of this study suggest that monsoon induced seasonal changes in nutrient stoichiometry control the distribution and activity of diazotrophs in a tropical estuary.

Keywords

  • Cochin estuary
  • Diversity
  • N:P ratio
  • Monsoon
  • Nitrogen fixation rate

Link for the publication here

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