2021 Summer Courses at Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences (BIOS) – Deadline 15 May

APPLY NOW! 2021 Summer Courses at Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences (BIOS) ? APPLICATION DEADLINE MAY 15
The Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences (BIOS) is accepting applications for three summer courses scheduled for 2021.
Students of all nationalities are eligible to apply for scholarships towards course fees which include tuition, accommodation and meals (we do not award scholarships towards travel expenses, visas or medical/travel insurance). Students may obtain academic credit for these courses, pending approval from their home institution.
This suite of university-level summer courses, designed to immerse an international cohort of students in the study of marine science and oceanography, with an intensive program of coursework and research that is unique in marine science education. Founded in 1903, BIOS<http://www.bios.edu/#!/who-we-are> is a world-class ocean science research and education facility.
?BIOS summer courses in marine science and oceanography provide undergraduate and graduate students with the opportunity to expand their studies into subtropical environments and/or to investigate topics in ocean science, which are not offered within the curricula of their home institutions. BIOS has quick and easy access to a diverse array of subtropical marine habitats and ocean locations which, combined with lectures, discussions and integrated field work and laboratory exercises, provide an optimal environment for experiential learning.
The larval developmental stages of many marine invertebrates are highly diverse in form, function, and life history, and effectively link benthic and pelagic ecosystems because they are the dispersive stage for many organisms and can be particularly sensitive to environmental change. These environmental variables may include elevated ocean temperatures, increased ocean acidity, patchily distributed phytoplankton food, as well as exposure to pollutants like petroleum, heavy metals, and micro plastics. Larvae respond to stress exposure at molecular, physiological, and morphological levels. For many organisms, ?normal? developmental patterns are not well known, let alone how development may vary in response to single or multiple interacting environmental stressors.
This course, which is structured for upper level undergraduate and graduate students, will examine the ecology, evolution, and development of marine invertebrate larvae, their roles as members of the meroplankton, and their responses to environmental stress at different biological scales.  Students will gain hands-on experience collecting marine invertebrates from local habitats (mangrove, coral reef, pelagic open water) during boat and shore-based excursions. In the laboratory, students will learn to spawn adults, obtain and fertilize gametes, culture larvae, and conduct empirical studies of larval development under conditions of current and potential future environmental stress. Modern physiological, molecular, and microscopy-based methods will be used throughout the course. Lectures and laboratories will cover a broad range of topics and principles relevant to larval biology.
Instructors: Dr. Dr. Eric Hochberg<http://www.bios.edu/about/team-members/eric-hochberg/> (BIOS) and Dr. Yvonne Sawall<http://www.bios.edu/about/team-members/dr-yvonne-sawall/> (BIOS)
The overall aim of this course is to study how environment impacts reef benthic communities and the fundamental processes of photosynthesis and calcification. Production of organic and inorganic carbon underpins growth and maintenance of the reef ecosystem. These processes are strongly influenced by environmental parameters including water chemistry, hydrodynamics, light availability/capture, and temperature, as well as the taxonomic composition of the community itself. Reef geomorphological and ecological zonation demonstrates that benthic communities have adapted to (and influence) their prevailing environmental conditions. At the same time, conditions are never static, and communities must acclimate to short- and long-term changes in their environment. A vitally important question is how global change will impact this baseline of reef function. These complex and dynamic interactions between reef communities and their ever-changing environments comprise the topics covered by this course.
This is an intensive course, aimed at upper-level undergraduate students, graduate students, and postdocs. Course logistics include readings, lectures, discussions/presentations, and extensive laboratory and field work. Next to gaining a solid understanding of coral reef ecology and reef functional processes, students gain hands-on experience with state-of-the-art instrumentation and techniques for collecting and analyzing reef community and environmental data: building underwater photomosaics, measuring current profiles, characterizing the underwater light field, determining nutrient concentrations, and quantifying rates of primary production and calcification.
Application Deadline for all summer courses is May 15, 2021
Course details, application form and scholarship information are available here: http://www.bios.edu/education/summer-courses
Questions? Please contact us at education@bios.edu<mailto:education@bios.edu>
The Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences is an independent U.S. not-for-profit marine research and educational organization with 501(c)(3) status and a Bermuda Registered Charity (#116).
Visit us in Bermuda or at www.bios.edu


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